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Presently Leo Komarov Finland Jersey , and throughout the 1990s a phenomena swept through the dog-lover's community. It was called "Clicker Training," and was implemented to teach dogs (along with horses and cats) that certain behaviors would be awarded, while others were not. Ms. Karen Pryor, a former dolphin trainer and author, along with a team of "Operant Trainers" started giving presentations at dog shows. They displayed how the small plastic device (about half the size of a bottle-opener) could be used to train dogs to do a number of "tricks Mikko Koivu Finland Jersey ," in just a few days; tricks that would've taken months or even years to learn before.

The idea of using an acoustic sound or "click" to stimulate desired behaviors is called "operant conditioning" and was first used with dolphins and whales as early as the 1930s. This idea evolved and was formulated for other types of animals. These animals, like their dolphin predecessors, were "conditioned" to perform desired behaviors or actions.

Clicker Training is entirely based on a system of positive reinforcement with no punishment for undesired behavior. The clicker is clicked to let the dog know that he did something (i.e. sat, didn't chew or jumped over a box, etc.) right. The system is designed to shape behavior by allowing the animal to do something for which he will then be rewarded with a click and a treat. It is NOT designed (as old training methods were) for the dog owner to physically manipulate the animal to sit Jussi Jokinen Finland Jersey , for example. Modern animal behaviorists find that animals learn more by themselves than when someone "shows" them how they should react in a situation.

If this idea is still hard to grasp, think about dolphins; or better yet, killer whales. There is no way that a trainer is going to physically manipulate a whale to jump out of the water. However, whales jump out of the water (at least partially) without conditioning. When these same whales jump out of the water, hear the "click" (or some associated sound) Erik Haula Finland Jersey , and then receive a treat, they quickly associate jumping out of the water as a positive behavior. Once that connection is made, trainers gradually increase what it takes (a higher jump) for the whale to get a click and a treat. It's the same idea for a dog. The trainer waits for the dog to sit, quickly clicks, and gives the dog a treat. Puppies have been shown to learn as fast as within one click.

It's important when using Clicker Training that the clicker is used immediately following the desired behavior. If the trainer or owner waits even a second Mikael Granlund Finland Jersey , then the training could take a lot longer. Or worse yet, the dog may not associate the click and treat with something he did right. The clicker allows you to use something besides your voice to control your pet's behaviors. It provides an external stimulus outside your body and provides a sound that is always the same, hence, always precise. It might be considered to be like a small remote control.

Today, Clicker Training is spreading like wildfire across many states and countries. Ms. Karen Pryor notes that in the early 1990s there were no Clicker Trainers. Just the idea existed. But now that people are seeing the amazing results Valtteri Filppula Finland Jersey , there are people budding up everywhere buying the manuals and using the device to train their dogs. Success statistics vary, but they lay somewhere between 90% and 100% percent effective. The higher statistics are a result of the dog having only one trainer who follows the guidelines exactly. When used precisely, it's seemingly a flawless method of pet training.

To get more free information about dog training or the use of clickers, visit us at .

About the Author:
Tina Spriggs is an expert dog lover whose lifelong interest in canines provides the motivation for her site. To learn more about dogs or to find gifts and toys for them visit her site at Dog Gifts and Toys for Dog Lovers.

Copyright 2004. All rights reserved.
The debate of prayer in public schools is a particularly heated one in which the opposing sides feel very strongly that they are in the right. Prayer in the public school system will be used as an example for the purpose of this article but it is not the only instance of public prayer that is often denied by state and federal laws. Christians, especially Joonas Donskoi Finland Jersey , come under attack for advocating for student guided prayer on a voluntary basis. They feel that as long as those who do not wish to pray are not being forced to do so, there is no reason why those who want to share in prayer services should be denied the right to do so. A number of legal issues such as separation of church and state and freedom of speech are often discussed in relation to the issue of public prayer. Those against prayer in the public school system argue that prayer in schools is tantamount to the government imposing prayer, and by extension religion, on the students while proponents of prayer in school argue that students who wish to pray are being denied their constitutional right of free speech.


Shouldn't Christians Pray in Private?


Those who argue against public prayer often point out Matthew 6:5-6 which states, ?And when thou prayest Aleksander Barkov Finland Jersey , thou shalt not be as the hypocrites are: for they love and pray standing in the synagogues and in the corners of the streets, that they may be seen of men?when thou prayest, enter into the closet and when thou has shut thy door, pray to thy Father.? Those who oppose public prayer point this verse out to prove their point that prayer should be kept private. They argue that the bible explicitly condemns public prayer as being hypocritical. However, Christians are aware that this passage was meant to condemn hypocrisy rather than to condemn public prayer. There are numerous biblical examples that show Jesus praying with others. It is through these references that Christians receive their conf. Cheap Nike NFL Jerseys Cheap Nike NBA Shirts Cheap College Hats Cheap MLB Shirts China Wholesale Hoodies Cheap Custom Jerseys Cheap Hockey Jerseys Cheap NFL Football Jerseys Wholesale College Baseball Jerseys Cheap Basketball Jerseys Free Shipping
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